Growing plants in your garden is an enjoyable experience but sometimes the plant stems grow tall and spindly. This makes the plant weak and it may even fall under its own weight.
You can get thicker stems on your plants by providing them with the required amount of sunlight, water, aeration, nitrogen, and space. The most common reason your plants don’t grow thick stems is due to a lack of sunlight. You need to learn about your plant requirements to grow them better.
I’ve written all the details that will help you figure out what is the problem and what you can do to get thicker stems on your plants.
Provide the plant with sufficient sunlight
If your plant does not get the required amount of sunlight, it will grow tall and spindly. The plant tries to reach out and get as much light as it can that causes this problem.
But you can’t just place your plant in direct sunlight. You need to learn more about your plant and understand how much sunlight it needs.
Some plants need full sun which means at least 6-8 hours every day. Other plants need to grow in partial or full shade.
Once you know how much sunlight your plant needs, you need to place it in a suitable location in your garden. If the plant needs full sun, make sure there are no obstacles like a wall or tall plants blocking the light.
If the plant needs partial shade, the places with partial obstructions like tall plants or fences would make a good growing space.
If you’re already growing the plant, you can trim the branches of tall plants blocking sunlight. Or you need to move the plant to another location in your garden.
If your plant needs more shade, you can try placing a sunblock or any type of tall object that will obstruct the direct sunlight.
Provide sufficient growing space
If your plants do not get sufficient growing space, they will compete with each other for nutrients, moisture, and sunlight.
The foliage of the plants will block each other and prevent sunlight from reaching. This means the plant won’t be able to produce food efficiently. They will grow weak and spindly as a result.
The lack of sunlight and airflow among the foliage will create a humid condition that will encourage fungal diseases. This will stress the plant further and make them weak.
The lack of growing space among the plant roots means they will compete for nutrients and moisture from the soil. The lack of nutrition will make the stems grow thin.
I suggest that you should understand more about the plant you are growing. You need to find out how much growing space the plant will need. Then ensure you give the plant that much space in your garden.
If you’re growing the plant in a container, I recommend only growing one plant if the container is small. If it’s large, you may be able to grow a few of them.
If the plants are already growing in the garden and are lacking space, you need to take a few of them out and transplant them to another location.
Make sure the plant is getting enough nitrogen
The plant you are growing needs nutrients just like humans. The macronutrients that are important for the plant are N-P-K, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium.
If you want your plant to have a thicker stem, the most important macronutrient is nitrogen. This encourages foliage and stem growth.
I like to use compost in the soil as it provides organic matter and nutrients to the roots of the plant. It also introduces beneficial organisms that further increase the nutrients in the soil.
If you don’t have compost, the other option is to add an organic fertilizer to the soil in your garden. You can choose a balanced fertilizer with an N-P-K of 5-5-5. Or you can choose one that is nitrogen-rich such as one having an N-P-K of 10-5-5.
Some examples of nitrogen-rich materials are blood meal, bone meal, alfalfa meal, and seaweed.
It’s important that you read the manufacturer’s instructions before adding the nitrogen to your garden soil. It will tell you how much to use and how often.
If you use too much nitrogen in your soil, it will burn the roots of your plant. This will have the opposite effect that the plant will not be able to get nutrients. And the stem will grow thin and weak.
Ensure good aeration in the soil
If the soil is not suitable for the plant you’re growing, the stem will be weak and thin. You need to learn about the plant and provide it the required soil.
Your plant will need oxygen from the soil so it can produce food and transport nutrients through the foliage.
If the soil has a good texture, it will have air pockets from which the roots can get the required oxygen.
If the soil contains a lot of clay, it will clump together and reduce these air pockets so the roots get less oxygen. If the soil contains a lot of sand, there will be good aeration but the soil will drain water too fast.
You want the soil to contain the right amount of organic matter to strike a balance. Then it will have the right texture to retain enough moisture but allow good aeration as well.
My favorite material to improve the soil for plants is to add organic compost. This material improves the texture as well as introduces beneficial organisms to the soil. That helps improve your garden soil even further.
You can get a soil test conducted on some samples of your garden soil. Your local extension service will help you with this test for a nominal fee. They will also inform you of the amendments you can add to improve the soil.
Give the plant enough water
Your plants need water to grow well. The amount of water they need and how often will depend on the plant you’re growing.
Hardy plants need less water or need less frequent watering. Other plants will need more water and often. You should understand your plant’s needs before you start to grow them.
If the plant gets too little or too much water it can get stressed and grow weak which means thin stems.
If the plant you’re growing is hardy, you should water less often. Let the soil completely dry out before you water it again.
If the plant needs plenty of moisture, you need to keep the soil moist every day. The moment you see the surface of the soil is dry, you can water it again.
If your plant gets more water than required, it can get stressed out. A hardy plant will not prefer to grow in soil that is moist all the time.
The other problem that can happen is overwatering. This is a common issue if the drainage in the soil is not good enough.
The water collects near the base of the plant roots and drowns them causing root rot. The roots become black and soggy. They are unable to provide the plant with the nutrients causing the plant to become weak.
The easiest way to figure out the moisture content of the soil is to use a moisture meter that you stick into it.
The other good option is to just stick your finger 1-2 inches into the soil. When you take your finger out check if the soil is sticking to it. If not, it means the soil has dried out and you need to consider watering it. again.
If the plant is suffering from root rot, you need to take it out of the ground and cut off the affected roots. Then you can replant it in another location of your garden that has good drainage.